Explain how the nursing theory incorporates the four metaparadigm concepts.

This is a Collaborative Learning Community (CLC) assignment.

Nursing theories are tested and systematic ways to implement nursing practice. Select a nursing theory and its conceptual model. Prepare a 10-15 slide PowerPoint in which you describe the nursing theory and its conceptual model and demonstrate its application in nursing practice. Include the following:

  1. Present an overview of the nursing theory. Provide evidence that demonstrates support for the model’s efficacy in nursing practice. Explain how the theory proves the conceptual model.
  2. Explain how the nursing theory incorporates the four metaparadigm concepts.
  3. Provide three evidence-based examples that demonstrate how the nursing theory supports nursing practice. Provide support and rationale for each.

Refer to the resource, “Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations,” located in the Student Success Center, for additional guidance on completing this assignment in the appropriate style.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

Virginia Henderson’s Need theory

Team D

Maria Rodriguez

Leidy Morey

Akinwunmi Akinbode


Virginia Henderson’s need theory

Virginia Henderson’s need theory provides a definition of nursing care and describes specific areas in which nursing care is needed.

“The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. And to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible” (Henderson, 1966).

Henderson developed 14 concepts based on human needs and categorized them as physiological, psychological, spiritual, or social.

Virginia Henderson believed that knowing the fundamental needs of a patient will contribute to how the nurse will care for the patient. It is beneficial to care for the patient until the patient can care for themselves or aid them in a peaceful death. (Henderson, 1966) She developed 14 concepts based on those human needs and categorized them as physiological, psychological, spiritual, or social (Henderson’s nursing need theory, (2016). Her concepts examine the individual holistically.


Henderson’s 14 basic needs:

Henderson believes these 14 components are part of basic nursing care to return the patient to their optimal self. To do so, the nurse must have a nurse-patient relationship to achieve this goal (Vera, 2011).These are specific, effective concepts of how nurses should assess and interact with the patient.



Breathe normally

Eat and drink adequately

Eliminate body wastes

Move and maintain postures

Sleep and rest

Dress and undress

Maintain body temperature

Protect integument

Avoid dangers


Communicate needs and concerns


Worship one’s faith


Work with a sense of accomplishment

Participate in Recreation (Gonzalo, 2014)

Learn and discover normal development and health and use health facilities

Nursing practice

Henderson’s 14 components can be used as a guide in the nursing process to assist the nurse in her practice.

Assessment phase — Assess patient using the 14 basic needs. Analyze patient data.

Planning phase — Meeting individual’s needs, updating the plan as necessary based on the changes and as prescribed by the physician.

Implementation phase — Individualized interventions depending on factors and needs.

Evaluation phase — Evaluate according to the degree in which the patient performs independently.

Henderson believed in having an individualized care plan for each patient. She believed critical thinking is essential in this implementation. The fundamental needs of the patient, the planning and implementing of interventions, and the evaluation of the patient’s outcome are all crucial elements in Henderson’s need theory that contribute to the nursing process. The patient is examined holistically to achieve a common goal of optimal independence. It applies to every day clinical decision-making of nursing practice.



Gonzalo, A. (2014). Virginia Henderson: nursing need theory. Retrieved from https://nurseslabs.com/virginia-hendersons-need-theory/.

Henderson’s Nursing Need Theory. (2016). Retrieved from https://nursing-theory.org/theories-and-models/henderson-need-theory.php.

Henderson, V. (1966). The nature of nursing: A definition and its implications, Practice, Research, and Education. New York: Macmillan Company.



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