discussion and drafting of the U.S. Constitution from the Articles of Confederation was one of great debate and innovation

The United States Constitution stands apart in history as the cornerstone document for a nation like none before it, but it was not the first law of the land. The discussion and drafting of the U.S. Constitution from the Articles of Confederation was one of great debate and innovation, and it is important to look at the types of changes that were pivotal to creating the supreme law of the United States.

Unit IV

Scholarly Activity: Constitution Comparison Worksheet

Page 1: Fill in the blanks below with the appropriate answers.

Page 2: Complete the essay in a minimum of 300 words in length.

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Table 1 Instructions: Compare the Articles of Confederation and Constitution by filling out the blanks below.

Comparison Articles of Confederation Constitution
Ratification Year (1.)       1788
Votes 1 vote per state 2 Senate votes + proportional House votes
Legislature (2.)       Bicameral
Courts State courts only Separate Judicial Branch
President Presided over Congress (3.)      
Trade State controlled Federally controlled
Passing Laws Consensus of (4.)       states Congressional majority and presidential signature
Tax Laws State controlled Federally controlled
Control of military Congress Congress
Currency State Issued Federally Issued
Amendments Required the consent of (5.)       states 2/3 Congress and 3/4 of states

Table 2 Instructions: Fill out the missing words from the United States Bill of Rights.

Amendment 1 Right to freedoms of (6.)       and speech; right to assemble and to (7.)       the government for redress of grievances
Amendment 2 Right to keep and bear arms to maintain a well-regulated (8.)      
Amendment 3 Right not to house (9.)       during time of war
Amendment 4 Right to be secure from unreasonable (10.)       and (11.)      
Amendment 5 Rights in criminal cases, including to (12.)       process and indictment by grand jury for capital crimes, as well as the right not to testify against oneself
Amendment 6 Right to a speedy (13.)       by an impartial jury
Amendment 7 Right to a (14.)       trial in civil cases
Amendment 8 Right not to face excessive (15.)       or fines, or (16.)       and (17.)       punishment
Amendment 9 Rights retained by the (18.)       , even if they are not specifically (19.)       by the Constitution
Amendment 10 (20.) States’       to powers not specifically delegated to the federal government

Below, compare and contrast the philosophies of the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists that emerged during the time period of the Constitutional Convention through the ratification of the U.S. Constitution (roughly the late 1780s). In your answer, make sure to also include how the philosophies of both parties were reflective of the American society of the time.

Your response must be at least 300 words in length.

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